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钻井液工程师技术手册:汉英对照
  • 作      者
  • 贾铎
  • 出  版  社
  • 石油工业出版社
  • 出版日期
  • 2015年12月01日
  • 阅读次数
  • 360次
  • 应用分类
简      介
本书概括地介绍了钻井液成分、性能和在钻井工程中的功用,钻井液及其滤液测试程序,钻井液使用的材料和化学添加剂,各种钻井液体系的适用环境和应用方法,钻井液流变学和黏土胶体化学等基础知识。详细叙述了油气井压力控制、钻井液固体控制、井筒水力学、钻井液技术设计... 本书概括地介绍了钻井液成分、性能和在钻井工程中的功用,钻井液及其滤液测试程序,钻井液使用的材料和化学添加剂,各种钻井液体系的适用环境和应用方法,钻井液流变学和黏土胶体化学等基础知识。详细叙述了油气井压力控制、钻井液固体控制、井筒水力学、钻井液技术设计和维护处理、预防和处理井下事故、完井液、油气层伤害和保护等。
目录
  • 前言
  • PREFACE
  • 1 钻井液组成成分、性能及其功用
  • 1.1 钻井液组成成分
  • 1.2 钻井液性能
  • 1.3 钻井液的功用
  • 2 黏土矿物和黏土水溶液
  • 2.1 黏土矿物的晶体结构
  • 2.2 黏土矿物的性质
  • 2.3 黏土颗粒之间的连接状态
  • 3 钻井液流变特性
  • 3.1 流体流变学基本概念
  • 3.2 流体的类型及其数学模式
  • 3.3 钻井液流变参数
  • 3.4 各流变公式在钻井液中的应用
  • 3.5 钻井液流变参数的测定和计算
  • 3.6 钻井液高温流变特性
  • 4 水基钻井液测试程序
  • 4.1 密度
  • 4.2 马氏漏斗黏度
  • 4.3 塑性黏度、表观黏度和动切力
  • 4.4 静切力
  • 4.5 API滤失量
  • 4.6 高温高压滤失量
  • 4.7 含砂量
  • 4.8 钻井液中固相和液相含量测定
  • 4.9 亚甲基兰测试和阳离子交换容量测定
  • 4.10 pH值测定
  • 4.11 电阻率
  • 4.12 钻井液滤饼黏附系数测定
  • 4.13 膨润土的质量评价
  • 4.14 钻井液的润滑性
  • 5 水基钻井液化学分析
  • 5.1 钻井液滤液中Cl-浓度测定
  • 5.2 钻井液滤液碱度测定
  • 5.3 钻井液滤液以钙计总硬度(或Ca浓度)的测定
  • 5.4 钻井液滤液中Mg含量测定
  • 5.5 钻井液滤液中硫酸钙含量的测定
  • 5.6 钻井液滤液中碳酸盐含量测定
  • 5.7 钻井液滤液中钾离子含量的测定
  • 5.8 钻井液滤液中硫化物含量的测定
  • 5.9 钻井液滤液中亚硫酸根的测定
  • 5.10 钻井液滤液中甲醛含量的测定
  • 5.11 钻井液滤液中高分子量水解聚丙烯酰胺含量的测定
  • 6 油基钻井液测试程序
  • 6.1 水/油反相乳化钻井液电稳定性(破乳电压)测定
  • 6.2 水/油反相乳化钻井液化学活度测定
  • 6.3 水/油反相乳化钻井液碱度、氯和钙含量测定
  • 6.4 水/油反相乳化钻井液有关数据计算
  • 6.5 基础油苯胺点的测定
  • 7 钻井液化学添加剂和材料
  • 7.1 黏土类
  • 7.2 加重材料
  • 7.3 增稠剂
  • 7.4 降滤失剂
  • 7.5 降黏剂
  • 7.6 页岩抑制剂
  • 7.7 胶凝剂(或称流型调节剂)
  • 7.8 润滑剂
  • 7.9 钻头清洁剂
  • 7.10 发泡剂
  • 7.11 杀菌剂
  • 7.12 堵漏剂
  • 7.13 解卡剂
  • 7.14 腐蚀抑制剂
  • 7.15 消泡剂
  • 7.16 乳化剂
  • 7.17 油基钻井液添加剂
  • 7.18 无机化合物
  • 7.19 其他
  • 8 钻井液体系
  • 8.1 膨润土浆
  • 8.2 FCLS钻井液
  • 8.3 钙基钻井液
  • 8.4 盐水钻井液
  • 8.5 KCl聚合物钻井液
  • 8.6 聚合物—MMH钻井液
  • 8.7 聚合物—磺酸盐—MMH钻井液
  • 8.8 聚合醇钻井液
  • 8.9 硅基钻井液
  • 8.10 甲酸盐钻井液
  • 8.11 油基钻井液
  • 8.12 油包水反相乳化钻井液
  • 8.13 一次性泡沫钻井液
  • 8.14 可循环硬胶泡沫钻井液
  • 8.15 合成基钻井液
  • 8.16 不侵入地层钻井液
  • 9 水基钻井液的污染和处理
  • 9.1 钙、镁离子的污染和处理
  • 9.2 水泥—石灰污染和处理
  • 9.3 盐侵和处理
  • 9.4 碳酸根—重碳酸根污染和处理
  • 9.5 HS污染的处理
  • 9.6 原油的侵入和处理
  • 10 油气井压力控制
  • 10.1 井内的各种压力
  • 10.2 井底压力变化与井下复杂情况
  • 10.3 井喷发生的原因和高压油气层的显示和判断
  • 10.4 压井方法
  • 10.5 钻气层和钻井液气侵
  • 10.6 钻井液的加重和加重钻井液的维护处理
  • 11 井漏
  • 11.1 发生井漏的显示和判断
  • 11.2 发生井漏的原因和井漏的类型
  • 11.3 井漏的危害
  • 11.4 井漏的预防
  • 11.5 井漏发生后的处理
  • 11.6 井漏堵漏实例
  • 12 井壁稳定
  • 12.1 井壁不稳定的原因
  • 12.2 井壁不稳定的显示和判断
  • 12.3 保持井壁稳定,防止井塌
  • 12.4 井塌事故处理
  • 12.5 井塌事故处理实例
  • 13 卡钻
  • 13.1 压差卡钻
  • 13.2 沉砂卡钻和砂桥卡钻
  • 13.3 井塌卡钻
  • 13.4 缩径卡钻
  • 13.5 键槽卡钻
  • 13.6 落物卡钻
  • 14 钻井液固体控制
  • 14.1 钻井液中的各种固体
  • 14.2 钻井液固体控制的内容和意义
  • 14.3 钻井液固体控制设备
  • 14.4 固控设备体系的布置
  • 15 钻井液与井筒水力学计算
  • 15.1 钻井液流动压力损失
  • 15.2 钻具运动造成的压力激动和开泵压力激动
  • 15.3 钻屑携带
  • 15.4 钻屑在环空中的百分体积含量和考虑钻屑含量的当量 (或有效)钻井液密度
  • 15.5 计算实例
  • 16 钻井液对油层的伤害
  • 16.1 概述
  • 16.2 油气储层类型和特性
  • 16.3 钻井液对油层的伤害机理
  • 16.4 油层岩石润湿性
  • 16.5 保护产层防止伤害措施
  • 17 完井液与修井液
  • 17.1 完井液与修井液的功用、分类和性能
  • 17.2 清洁盐水完井液、修井液
  • 17.3 聚合物盐水完井液、修井液
  • 17.4 改进的水基钻井液
  • 17.5 油基完井液、修井液
  • 17.6 气体和充气完井液、修井液
  • 18 金属设备和器材的腐蚀
  • 18.1 电化学腐蚀
  • 18.2 氧腐蚀
  • 18.3 二氧化碳腐蚀
  • 18.4 硫化氢腐蚀
  • 18.5 细菌腐蚀
  • 附录Ⅰ
  • 附录Ⅱ 钻井液工作报告
  • 参考文献
  • 1 COMPOSITION, PROPERTIES ANDFUNCTIONS OF DRILLING FLUID
  • 1.1 COMPOSITION OF DRILLING FLUID
  • 1.2 DRILLING FLUID PROPERTIES
  • 1.3 FUNCTIONS OF DRILLING FLUID
  • 2 CLAY MINERALS AND CLAY INWATER SOLUTION
  • 2.1 CRYSTALLINE STRUCTURE OF CLAY MINERALS
  • 2.2 PROPERTIES OF CLAY MINERALS
  • 2.3 CLAY-PARTICLE-LINKING BEHAVIORS
  • 3 RHEOLOGY CHARACTERISTICSOF DRILLING FLUID
  • 3.1 BASIC CONCEPTIONS OF FLUID RHEOLOGY
  • 3.2 TYPES AND MATHEMATIC MODELS OF FLUIDS
  • 3.3 RHEOLOGICAL PARAMETERS
  • 3.4 APPLICATION OF RHEOLOGICAL MODELS IN DRILLING FLUID
  • 3.5 MEASUREMENT AND CALCULATION OF DRILLING FLUID RHEOLOGICAL PARAMETERS
  • 3.6 RHEOLOGY OF DRILLING FLUID AT HIGH TEMPERATURE
  • 4 TESTING PROCEDURE OF WATERBASE DRILLING FLUID
  • 4.1 DENSITY
  • 4.2 MARSH FUNNEL VISCOSITY
  • 4.3 PLASTIC VICOSITY, APPARENT VISCOSITY AND YIELD POINT
  • 4.4 GEL STRENGTH
  • 4.5 API FILTRATION
  • 4.6 HTHP FILTRATION
  • 4.7 SAND CONTENT
  • 4.8 MUD SOLID AND LIQUID CONTENT DETERMINATION
  • 4.9 METHYLENE BLUE TEST AND CATION EXCHANGE CAPACITY
  • 4.10 pH DETERMINATION
  • 4.11 RESISTIVITY
  • 4.12 STICKOMETER
  • 4.13 ESTIMATION OF BETONITE CHARACTERISTICS
  • 4.14 MUD LUBRICITY
  • 5 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OFWATER BASE MUD
  • 5.1 DETERMINATION OF CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION IN MUD FILTRATE
  • 5.2 DETERMINATION OF ALKALINITY
  • 5.3 DETERMINATION OF TOTAL HARDNESS AS CALSIUM
  • 5.4 DETERMINATION OF Mg IN FILTRATE
  • 5.5 DETERMINATION OF CALCIUM SULFATE CONCENTRATION
  • 5.6 DETERMINATION OF CARBONATE CONTENT IN DRILLING FLUID FILTRATE
  • 5.7 DEMINATION OF K CONCENTRATION (USED FOR K CONCENTRATION > 5000 MG/L)
  • 5.8 DETERMINATION OF SULFIDE CONTENT IN MUD FILTRATE BY GGT METHOD
  • 5.9 DETERMINATION OF SULFITE IN FILTRATE
  • 5.10 DETERMINATION OF FORMALDEHYDE IN MUD
  • 5.11 DETERMINATION OF H.M.W. HYDROLYZED POLYACRYLAMIDE IN DRILLING FLUID
  • 6 TESTING PROCEDURE OF OIL-BASEDRILLING FLUIDS
  • 6.1 DETRMINATION OF ELECTRICAL STABILITY OF W/O INVERT EMULSION DRILLING FLUID
  • 6.2 DETERMINATION OF CHEMICAL ACTIVITY OF W/O INVERT EMULSION DRILLING FLUID
  • 6.3 DETERMINATION OF WHOLE MUD ALKALINITY, CHLORIDES AND CALCIUM OF W/O INVERT EMULSION DRILLING FLUID
  • 6.4 CALCULATION OF DATA OF THE WHOLE W/O INVERT EMULSION DRILLING FLUID
  • 6.5 DETERMINATION OF ANILINE POINT OF BASE OIL
  • 7 CHEMICAL ADDITIVES AND MATERIALSOF DRILLING FLUID
  • 7.1 CLAYS
  • 7.2 WEIGHTING MATERIALS
  • 7.3 VISCOSIFIER
  • 7.4 FL CONTROL AGENTS
  • 7.5 THINNERS
  • 7.6 SHALE INHIBITOR
  • 7.7 GELLING AGENT
  • 7.8 LUBRICANT
  • 7.9 BIT DETERGENT
  • 7.10 FOAMING AGENT
  • 7.11 BACTERISIDE
  • 7.12 LOST CIRCULATION MATERIALS
  • 7.13 PIPE FREEING AGENT
  • 7.14 CORROSION INHIBITORS
  • 7.15 DEFOAMERS
  • 7.16 EMULSIFIER
  • 7.17 OIL BASE DRILLING FLUID AGENTS
  • 7.18 INORGANIC PRODUCTS
  • 7.19 OTHERS
  • 8 DRILLING FLUID SYSTEMS
  • 8.1 BENTONITE SLURRY
  • 8.2 FCLS DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.3 CALCIUM-BASE DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.4 SALT WATER DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.5 KCL-POLYMER DRILLING FLUIED
  • 8.6 POLYMER-MMH DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.7 POLYMER-SULFONATES-MMH DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.8 POLYGLYCOL AND POLY-ALCOHOL DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.9 SILICATE BASE DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.10 FORMATE DRILLING FLUID SYSTEM
  • 8.11 OIL BASE DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.12 W/O INVERT EMULSION DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.13 DISCHARGEABLE FOAM DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.14 RE-CIRCULATING STIFF FOAM DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.15 SYNTHETIC OIL BASE DRILLING FLUID
  • 8.16 NON-INVASIVE DRILLING FLUID
  • 9 CONTAMINATIONS AND TREATMEN-TSOFWATERBASEDRILLINGFLUID
  • 9.1 CALCIUM-MAGNESIUM CONTAMINATION ANDTREATMENTS
  • 9.2 CEMENT-LIME CONTAMINATION & TREATMENTS
  • 9.3 SODIUM CHLORIDE CONTAMINATION & TREATMENTS
  • 9.4 CARBONATE & BICARBONATE CONTAMINATION &TREATMENT
  • 9.5 HYDROGEN SULFIDE CONTAMINATION & TREATMENT
  • 9.6 CRUDE OIL INTRUSION & TREATMENT
  • 10 OIL & GAS WELL PRESSURECONTROL
  • 10.1 DIFFERENT PRESSURES IN WELL BORE
  • 10.2 VARIATION OF BOTTOM-HOLE PRESSURE AND DOWNHOLE TROUBLES
  • 10.3 CAUSES OF BLOWOUT AND IDENTIFICATION OF ABNORMAL PRESSURE FORMATIONS
  • 10.4 PRESSURE CONTROL METHODS
  • 10.5 DRILLING IN GAS FORMATIONS AND MUD GAS CUTTING
  • 10.6 MUD WEIGHTING, TREATMENT AND MAINTANANCEOF WEIGHTED MUD
  • 11 LOSS OF CIRCULATION
  • 11.1 INDICASIONS OF LOSS CIRCULATION AND ITS JUDGEMENT
  • 11.2 CAUSES AND TYPES OF LOSS OF CUERCULATION
  • 11.3 HARMFUL EFFECTS OF LOSS OF CIRCULATION
  • 11.4 PREVENTION OF LOSS OF CIRCULATION
  • 11.5 REMEDIAL MEASURES OF LOSS OF CIRCULATION
  • 11.6 LOSS CIRCULASION REMEDY PRACTICE
  • 12 BOREHOLE STABILITY
  • 12.1 CAUSES OF BOREHOLE INSTABILITY
  • 12.2 INDICATIONS AND JUDGEMENTS OF BOREHOLE INSTABILITY
  • 12.3 OBTAINING STABLIZED BOREHOLE AND PREVENTION OF INSTABILITY
  • 12.4 BOREHOLE INSTABILITY REMEDIAL PROCEDURE
  • 12.5 EXAMPLE ON TREATMENT FOR BOREHOLE INSTABILITY
  • 13 DRILL STRING STICKING
  • 13.1 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE STICKING
  • 13.2 CUTTING PRECIPITATION STICKIGN AND CUTTING BED STICKING
  • 13.3 FORMATION COLLAPSE STICKING
  • 13.4 SALT CREEPING AND HOLE SHRINKING STICKING
  • 13.5 KEY SEATING STICKING
  • 13.6 FALLING OBJECT STICKING
  • 14 DRILLING FLUID SOLIDS CONTROL
  • 14.1 SOLIDS CONTAINED IN DRILLING FLUID
  • 14.2 CONTENT AND EFFECTS OF DRILLING FLUID SOLIDS CONTROL
  • 14.3 DRILLING FLUID SOLIDS CONTROL EQUIPMENT
  • 14.4 ARRANGEMENTS OF SOLID CONTROL EQUIPMENT SYSTEM
  • 15 DRILLING FLUID AND CALCULATIONSOF WELLBORE HYDRAULICS
  • 15.1 PRESSURE LOSS
  • 15.2 SURGE AND SWAB PRESSURE CAUSED BY PIPE MOVEMENT AND PUMP STARTING
  • 15.3 CUTTINGS TRANSPORT
  • 15.4 DRILLED CUTTINGS CONCENTRATION AND EFFECTIVE MUD WEIGHT IN ANNULUS
  • 15.5 EXAMPLE OF DRILLING FLUID HYDRAULICS CALCULATION
  • 16 FORMATION DAMAGEDBYDRILLING FLUID
  • 16.1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION
  • 16.2 TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF OIL AND GAS FORMATIONS
  • 16.3 FORMATION DAMAGE CAUSED BY DRILLING FLUID
  • 16.4 RESERVOIR WETTABILITY
  • 16.5 RESERVIOR PROTECTION AND DAMAGE PREVENTION MEASURES
  • 17 COMPLETION AND WORKOVERFLUIDS
  • 17.1 FUNCTIONS,CLASSIFICATION AND PROPERTIES OF COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS
  • 17.2 CLEAR BRINE COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS
  • 17.3 POLYMER-BRINE COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS
  • 17.4 MODIFIED DRILLING FLUIDS
  • 17.5 OIL BASE COMPLETION AND WORKOVER FLUIDS
  • 17.6 GAS AND AERATED FLUID
  • 18 CORROSION OF METALIC EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES
  • 18.1 ELECTRO-CHEMICAL CORROSION
  • 18.2 OXYGEN CORROSION
  • 18.3 CO CORROSION
  • 18.4 H S CORROSION
  • 18.5 BACTERIA CORROSION
  • ANNEX Ⅰ
  • ANNEX Ⅱ DRILLING FLUID REPORT
  • REFERENCE
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